Rani Lakshmi Bai Biography (Rani Lakshmi Bai History)

Rani Lakshmi Bai Biography and History

Jhansi Ki Rani Lakshmi Bai was the queen of the Maratha-ruled Jhansi kingdom and was one of the heroes playing the bugle against the British rule in the first Indian independence struggle of 1857. In this article, I will cover about Rani Lakshmi Bai Biography.

Rani Lakshmi Bai Biography (Rani Lakshmi Bai History)

Rani Lakshmi Bai Biography (Rani Lakshmi Bai History)
Rani Lakshmi Bai Biography (Rani Lakshmi Bai History)

Jhansi Rani Lakshmi Bai was such a heroine who fought at the age of 23 only from the army of the British Empire and got to Veergati on the battlefield but did not let the British conquer her kingdom Jhansi.

Rani Laxmi Bai Informations

  • Name: Rani Laxmibai Gangadharrao
  • Born: 19 November 1828, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
  • Father: Moropant Tambe
  • Mother: Bhagirathi Bai
  • Death: 18 June 1858, Sarai of Kota, Gwalior
  • Field of work: Queen of Jhansi, the heroine of the first Indian freedom struggle of 1857

Rani Lakshmi Bai Biography and History

Early Life of Jhansi Rani Lakshmi Bai:

Rani Lakshmi Bai was born on November 7, 1965, in the Marathi Brahmin family in Varanasi district. His childhood name was Manikarnika, but family members called him Manu with affection.

Her father’s name was Moropant Tambe and her mother’s name was Bhagirathi Bai. His parents were from Maharashtra. When Lakshmi was only four years old, her mother died.

Moropant Tambe was in the service of Maratha Bajirao and Bhagirathi Bai was a cultured, intelligent and religious woman.

Because there was no one to take care of Rani Lakshmi Bai in the house, father took Manu with him to the court of Bajirao where the playful and beautiful Manu took everyone’s interest. She was influenced by this work and she also got more freedom than other girls.

People fondly called him “Chhabili“. In his childhood, Lakshmi Bai took up the education of scriptures as well as weapons. Her education included as well as training in self-defense, horse riding, and shooting.

Jhansi Ki Rani Lakshmi Bai Marriage Life:

In 1842, Lakshmi was tied to the marriage of Raja Gangadhar Rao Nimbalkar to the Maratha king of Jhansi, and became queen of Jhansi. After marriage, she was named Rani Laxmi Bai.

In 1851, Rani Lakshmi Bai gave birth to a son but died at the age of four months. In 1853, when King Gangadhar Rao’s health deteriorated drastically, she was advised to adopt an adopted son. After adopting a son Gangadhar Rao died on 21 November 1853. The name of the adopted son was Damodar Rao.

British’s Protests Against Jhansi Kingdom:

British Raj filed a case against the Damodar Rao, in the court as part of his state’s usurpation policy. Instead of a lot of debate in the case, it was dismissed. 

The British authorities seized the treasury and issued a decree to deduct her husband’s debt from the Queen’s annual expenses. As a result, the queen had to leave Jhansi fort and go to Jhansi Rani Mahal.

But she did not lose courage and decided to protect the Jhansi kingdom. She played the bugle of war against the British and declared that I will not give my Jhansi to the British.

Battle of Jhansi:

Jhansi became a major center of the 1857 war where the violence began. Rani Lakshmi Bai began to strengthen the security of Jhansi and formed a volunteer force. Women were recruited into this army and trained in war. The common man also played a role in this struggle.

She created an army with the help of some other states, which included not only men but also women. Those who were trained to fight in the war.

British army moved towards Jhansi in January 1858. British army surrounded Jhansi from all sides. In March 1858, the British started bombing heavily. 

Laxmi Bai appealed to Tatya Tope for help and with 20,000 soldiers, Tatya Tope fought the British but was defeated. During the war with Tatya Tope, the British army advanced towards Jhansi. British troops entered the fort and killed every man or woman on the way.

After almost two weeks of fighting, the British occupied the city. Although Rani Laxmi Bai escaped from the British army with her son Damodar Rao by sitting on her horse, Badal but her favorite horse Badal died on the way.

On 22 May, the British also attacked Kalpi and under the leadership of Rani Laxmi Bai, Tatya Tope’s army was again defeated. Once again Rani Lakshmi Bai and Tatya Tope escape to Gwalior.

Rani Laxmi Bai Death:

The combined forces of Tatya Tope and Lakshmi Bai captured the fort of Gwalior with the help of the rebel troops in Gwalior. Rani Lakshmi Bai fought with the British army with a lot of heart, but on 17 June 1858, she died (age of 58) while fighting the British army in the Quota area near Gwalior.

Conclusion about Rani Lakshmi Bai:

We consider the name of Jhansi Ki Rani Lakshmi Bai to be paramount among the warriors who sacrificed their lives in the battle against the British. In 1857, she started the freedom struggle of India. With his bravery, she had broken the teeth of the British.

Rani Lakshmi Bai was the ideal heroine in real sense. She made women proud not only of India but also of the world. Her life is rich in heroic qualities, a unique saga of immortal patriotism and sacrifice.

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