Rabindranath Tagore is a person who is very difficult to express in words. Rabindranath Tagore, about whom, to write or tell anything, the words will fall short. He was rich in such amazing talent, from whose entire life, one can learn or be inspired. He is one of the rare writers who is not easily found everywhere. In this article, I will tell you about Rabindranath Tagore Biography, birth to death.
Rabindranath Tagore Biography (Rabindranath Tagore Information)
After many ages, they are born on the earth, and, they are blessed on this earth. He is an image that, from his birth to his death, goes through learning something. Not only this, but the rich people of such personality also leave an immortal impression even after death. Whose person can learn till today.
Rabindranath Tagore Information
- Birth: 7 May 1861
- Father: Shri Debendranath Tagore
- Mother: Mrs. Sharda Devi
- Birthplace: Thakurbari of Kolkata’s associates
- Religion: Hindu
- Nationality: Indian
- Language: Bengali, English
- Major composition: Geetanjali
- Achievements: Nobel Prize for Literature 1913 for the collection of poetry Gitanjali
- Death: 7 August 1941
Rabindranath Tagore Biography
Rabindranath Tagore was very versatile in his own direction. The Tagore family was one of the famous and prosperous Bengali family of Thakurbari of Kolkata’s associates.
Rabindranath Tagore was a world-renowned poet, literary and philosopher. He is the only Indian litterateur to have received a Nobel Prize. He was also the first Asian to receive a Nobel Prize and the first non-European to receive a Nobel in literature.
Rabindranath Tagore is the only poet in the world whose compositions are the national anthem of two countries – the national anthem of India ‘Jana Gana Mana’ and the national anthem of Bangladesh ‘Amar Sonar Bangla’.
Rabindranath Tagore, also known as Gurudev (Kabi Guru Rabindranath Thakur), gave a new direction to Bangla literature and music. He also used a new kind of poetry and prose and conversational language in Bengali literature. This freed Bengali literature from classical Sanskrit influence.
He wrote the first poem at the age of eight and the first short story was published at the age of only sixteen. At the age of 16, his poems with the nickname ‘Bhanusimha’ were also published. Rabindranath Tagore played an effective role in facilitating Indian civilization in the west and bringing good from here.
Rabindranath Tagore was an intense nationalist and condemned the British Raj and demanded independence of the country. After the Jalianwala Bagh scandal, he gave up the knighthood given by the British.
Rabindranath Tagore Biography – Early Life
on 7 May 1861 Rabindranath Tagore was born at Jor Sanko Bhavan in Calcutta. Your father Debendranath Tagore was a leader of the Brahmo Samaj and his mother was Saradha Devi.
Rabindranath Tagore was the youngest of the thirteen children of his parents. His mother died when he was young, and since his father was often on the journey, servants raised him.
The Tagore family was at the forefront of the ‘Bengal Renaissance’. There was a frequent publication of magazines, theater, Bengali and Western music. Thus his home environment was not less than any school.
His elder brother Dwijendranath was a philosopher and poet. His second brother, Satyendranath Tagore, was the first Indian of the Indian Civil Service. Another brother, Jyotindranath was musician and playwright. Tagore’s sister Swarnakumari Devi was a poetess and novelist. They did not like the traditional education system, so they did not like to sit in class and study.
He often wandered into family estates with family members. His brother Hemendranath used to teach him. Also, Rabindranath Tagore learned drawing, anatomy, history, geography, literature, mathematics, Sanskrit and English.
You will be surprised to know that he disliked formal education so much that he went to the Presidency College in Kolkata only one day.
Ravindranath went on a tour of India with his father for several months. Before reaching Dalhousie, a tourist destination in the Himalayas, he also visited Shantiniketan and Amritsar, the family’s fiefdom. Tagore studied history, astronomy, Sanskrit, biography, modern science and discussed Kalidasa’s poetry at Dalhousie.
After returned, Rabindranath did some of his important compositions by 1877.
Rabindranath Tagore Biography – Education
Rabindranath Tagore was very knowledgeable from birth, he got his early education in a very famous school (St. Xavier) in Kolkata. From the very beginning, his father was devoted to society. That’s why his father Debendranath wanted to make him a barrister, so he sent Ravindranath to England in the year 1878.
Rabindranath enrolled in law college at University College London, but after some time he gave up his studies and self-studied the works of Shakespeare and some other writers. He returned to Bengal in 1880 without a law degree. In the year 1883, he was married to Mrinalini Devi.
Rabindranath Tagore Biography – Marriage
Marriage – in 1983, Rabindranath Tagore was married to Mrinalini Devi.
Rabindranath Tagore Biography – Carrier Life
Rabindranath Tagore traveled far and wide in his jagir and watched the lives of rural and poor people very closely. Tagore wrote many short stories based on the background of rural Bengal from 1891 to 1895.
In the year 1901, Rabindranath moved to Shantiniketan. He wanted to establish an ashram here.
Rabindranath built a school, library, and a place of worship in Shantiniketan. Rabindranath planted some trees and also made a beautiful garden. This is also where his wife and two children died.
His father also died in 1905. Tagore had started earning monthly income from his inherited wealth. His literary royalties were also earning some income.
Through his writing in the form of a poem or story, he demonstrated the emotional and moral consciousness of the people well. Tagore’s writings prove to be a pioneer and a revolutionary even for today’s people.
Rabindranath expressed deep grief over the tragedy of the Jallianwalabagh assassination by General Dyer and his troops at Amritsar on April 13, 1919, where many innocent people, including women and children, were killed by General Dyer.
On 14 November 1913, Rabindranath Tagore received the Nobel Prize for Literature. The Swedish Academy, the Nobel Prize awardee, had decided to award them based on the translation of some of his works and ‘Gitanjali’.
Rabindra Nath Tagore was the first person in Asia to receive the Nobel Prize for literature
The English government granted him a knighthood in the year 1915, which Ravindranath gave up after the 1919 Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
In 1921 he established a ‘Rural Reorganization Institute’ near his ashram with agricultural economist Leonard Amherst. It was later renamed Sriniketan.
In the last decade of his life, Tagore was very active socially. During this time he wrote about 15 prose and poetry. He touched many aspects of human life through literature written in the meantime. Last time, Tagore also wrote some articles related to science.
Rabindranath Tagore Biography – Last Time (death time)
Tagore spent the last 4 years of his life in pain and illness. At the end of the year 1937, he became unconscious and remained in this state for a long time.
About three years later it happened again. During this time, he would write poems whenever he was well. The poems written during this period are one of his best poems.
On August 7, 1941, after a long illness, he said goodbye to this world.
Rabindranath Tagore Biography – Achievements
Rabindranath Tagore was awarded many achievements or honors in his life, but the most prominent was ” Geetanjali “. Rabindranath Tagore received the “Nobel Prize” for Gitanjali in 1913
Rabindranath Tagore has given the national anthem to India and the country of Bangladesh, as his greatest obeisance, which is a sign of immortality.
On every important occasion, the national anthem is sung, in which “Jana-Gana-Man Hai” of India and “Amar Sonar Bangla” of Bangla country.
Rabindranath Tagore Biography – Trips
Rabindranath traveled to 30 countries from 1878 to 1932. The main purpose of his travels was to spread his literary works to those who did not understand Bengali.
The famous English poet William Butler Yeats wrote a preface to the English translation of Gitanjali. His last foreign trip was to Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) in 1932.
Rabindranath Tagore Biography – Literature of Tagore
Most people know him only as a poet, but in reality, it was not so. Along with poems, he wrote novels, articles, short stories, travelogues, dramas and thousands of songs.
Rabindranath Tagore Biography – Music and Art
A great poet and litterateur, Guru Ravindranath Tagore was also an outstanding composer and painter. He wrote about 2230 songs – these songs are called Ravindra Sangeet. Tagore’s music cannot be separated from his literature.
It is an integral part of Bengali culture. The national anthem of India and Bangladesh, which was written by Rabindranath Tagore, is also a part of this Rabindra Sangeet.
Around the age of 60, Rabindranath Tagore began to show interest in drawing and painting. He incorporated the styles of various countries into his art.
Rabindranath Tagore Biography – Political Views
His political views were very complex. He criticized the colonialism of Europe and supported Indian nationalism. At the same time, Rabindranath Tagore criticized the Swadeshi movement and said that we should focus on the intellectual development of the general public – thus we can pave the way for freedom.
Rabindranath Tagore wrote several songs in support of the Indian independence movement. After Jallianwala Bagh in 1919, he gave up the knighthood given by the British.
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