Today in this article I will tell you the Biography of Bhagat Singh and try to get inspiration from the great revolutionary from Bhagat Singh‘s life.
Born: 27 September 1907
Died: 23 March 1931
Abuse of power makes it violent, but when power is used in any right purpose, it becomes justice. These were revolutionary ideas of the great revolutionary Bhagat Singh.
He said that no sacrifice is greater than the freedom of our motherland, today we are living in independent India, it is the sacrifice of these people. When the stories of India’s independence are heard, the name of Bhagat Singh comes at the top. So let’s learn about the Biography of Bhagat Singh…
Biography of Bhagat Singh
Biography of Bhagat Singh – Early Life
Bhagat Singh was born on 27 September 1907 in Banga (now Pakistan) of Lailpur district, now in Pakistan. The name of this district has now been changed to Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar in his memory.
Bhagat Sing was the third child of Sardar Kishan Singh and Vidyavati. Bhagat Singh’s family was actively involved in the freedom struggle. His father Kishan Singh and uncle Ajit Singh were members of the Ghadar Party. The Ghadar Party was founded in America to expel British rule from India. The atmosphere of the family had a big impact on the mind of young Bhagat Singh and since his childhood, the spirit of patriotism filled his heart with cries.
In 1916, while studying at DAV School in Lahore, young Bhagat Singh came in contact with well-known politicians such as Lala Lajpat Rai and Ras Bihari Bose. At that time, Punjab was politically very excited.
Bhagat Singh is only 12 years old at the time of the Jallianwalabagh massacre. This massacre made him very distraught. The very next day of the murder, Bhagat Singh went to Jallianwala Bagh and collected soil from that place and kept it as a token for his whole life. This massacre further strengthened his resolve to expel the British from India.
Biography of Bhagat Singh – Revolutionary life
1921, when Mahatma Gandhi gave a call for a non-cooperation movement against British rule, Bhagat Singh left his studies and became active in the movement.
Bhagat Singh was very disappointed when Mahatma Gandhi stopped the Non-Cooperation Movement in Chauri-Chaura in Gorakhpur in 1922. His faith in non-violence weakened and he concluded that the armed revolution was the only useful way to achieve freedom.
To continue studies, he joined the National School established by Lala Lajpat Roy in Lahore.
Bhagat Singh ran away from home to Kanpur to avoid marriage. Here he came in contact with a revolutionary named Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi and learned the first lesson of the revolution.
Bhagat Singh returned home when he received the news of his grandmother’s illness. He continued his revolutionary activities from his village. He went to Lahore and formed a revolutionary organization called ‘Naujawan Bharat Sabha’.
Bhagat Singh started spreading the message of revolution in Punjab. Singh attended a meeting of the revolutionaries in Delhi and joined Chandrashekhar Azad in 1928. Together, they formed the Hindustan Socialist Democratic Union. Its main objective was to establish a republic in India through armed revolution.
In February 1928, a commission called Simon Commission from England visited India. The main purpose of his visit to India was – the autonomy of the people of India and participation in the monarchy. But there was no Indian member in this commission, due to which Simon decided to oppose the commission.
While shouting slogans against the Simon Commission in Lahore, Lala Lajpat Rai was brutally lathi-charged which left him badly injured and later succumbed.
Bhagat Singh swears to kill the British officer Scott, who was responsible for his death, to avenge Lajpat Rai’s death. He accidentally killed Assistant Superintendent Saunders as Scott. Bhagat Singh had to leave Lahore to escape the death penalty.
The British government used more repressive policies instead of giving rights and freedom to Indians and finding the root cause of dissatisfaction.
Through the Defense of India Act, the British government gave the police more repressive powers. Under this, police could stop the procession related to suspicious activities and arrest people. This act brought in the Central Legislative Assembly was defeated by one vote.
Nevertheless, the British government decided to pass it as an ordinance, calling it ‘in the public interest’. Bhagat Singh voluntarily planned to throw a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly, where a meeting was being held to pass the ordinance. It was a carefully planned conspiracy not to kill or hurt anyone but to attract the attention of the government and show them that their methods of repression would not be tolerated anymore.
On 8 April 1929, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw bombs in the Vidhan Sabha Bhavan during the Central Legislative Assembly session. No one was harmed by the bomb.
They deliberately arrested him for fleeing the scene. During the hearing, Bhagat Singh declined to appoint any defense counsel.
Biography of Bhagat Singh – Achievements
Bhagat Singh gave a new direction to the revolutionary movement of India, formed the Youth Bharat Sabha to spread the message of revolution in Punjab, formed the Hindustan Socialist Democratic Union with Chandrashekhar Azad to establish a republic in India, Lala Lajpat Revenge of Rai’s death to kill police officer Saunders.
Bhagat Singh was one of the leading revolutionaries of India’s independence struggle. At just 24 years of age, the hero who made the highest sacrifice for the country became immortal forever.
Bhagat Singh read about the European revolutionary movement and was highly attracted to socialism. According to him, gaining political power was necessary for the overthrow of British rule and the reconstruction of Indian society.
Although the British government declared him a terrorist, Sardar Bhagat Singh was personally a critic of terrorism.
Bhagat Singh gave a new direction to the revolutionary movement in India. His then goal was to destroy the British Empire.
Bhagat Singh was distinguished from other leaders of the national movement due to his foresight and strong intentions. At a time when Gandhi and the Indian National Congress were the only options for the independence of the country, Bhagat Singh emerged with a new thought as another option.
Bhagat Singh Quotes
Life is not only to control your mind but also to develop it. – Bhagat Singh
Lovers and poets are made of the same material. – Bhagat Singh
Bringing revolution is beyond the power of any single human being, for this, we have to make efforts together. – Bhagat Singh
Revolution is an inalienable right of every human being and freedom is the indestructible right of everyone. – Bhagat Singh
No rule or law is sacred and valid as long as it respects the wishes of the people. – Bhagat Singh
When a person moves towards progress, he has to face criticism, mistrust, and challenges. – Bhagat Singh
It is very important to have an independent spirit for revolutionary ideas. – Bhagat Singh
I insist that I also have ambitions and hopes of living a good life, but I am ready to give up everything on the demand of time, this is the biggest sacrifice. – Bhagat Singh
If the listener is deaf, it is important to have a voice in your voice. – Bhagat Singh
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